Dmytro Bondarenko

University of Szeged

CV: is a historian, a doctoral student of the Department of Contemporary History, the University of Szeged (Hungary), engaged in a comparative analysis of the processes of the counter-revolution  and restoration in Finland (the Kingdom of Finland), Hungary (the Kingdom of Hungary), Ukraine (the Ukrainian State), and Don (the Almighty Don Host) and the author of 1 book, 2 book chapters and more than 20 articles on the topic of the doctoral dissertation “ The Monarchist Counter-revolution in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918-1920: A Comparative Analysis,” published in Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, and Poland, in Russian, Ukrainian, and English languages.

Research interests: World War I, the disintegration of the Russian and the Austro-Hungarian Empires, the counter-revolution and Anti-Bolshevik wars in the newly independent states of Central and  Eastern Europe, 1918-1920.
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Presentation title: The Monarchist Counter-Revolution in Central and Eastern Europe: Definition, Geographical Frame, Chronology

Abstract: It is widely known that Central and Eastern Europe is a specific historical region marked by the outbreak of two World Wars and the spread of Bolshevism. At the same time, another historical phenomenon, such as monarchist counter-revolution, also has its origins in Central and Eastern Europe but is still little-studied or sometimes neglected by scholars. The monarchist counter-revolution was a sui generis response to Bolshevism in some newly independent states which emerged on the territory of the former Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary, for instance, the Kingdom of Finland, the Ukrainian State, the Almighty Don Host, the Baltic Grand Duchy, the Kingdom of Hungary. Thus, this research is geographically limited to the territory of the European part of the former  Russian Empire (Finland, the Baltic States, Ukraine, Don) and Hungary. It is hardly possible to create the ultimate periodization of the monarchist counter-revolution in Central and Eastern Europe  because each case took place at a different time and had distinctive features. Nevertheless, in general, the process started on the state periphery as a reaction to Bolshevism and was usually  accompanied by foreign intervention and finished the restoration of the pre-revolutionary order abolishing not only the Bolshevik legislation but also the revolutionary changes as a whole.